Belize in the Shrimp Global Value Chain

Shrimp is the second-leading seafood species as measured by world trade, trailing only salmon. There has been a strong increase in recent production, with global output increasing from 6.5 million MT in 2006 to 8.3 million MT in 2015, a jump of nearly 30%. The world’s leading shrimp producers traditionally have been in Southeast Asia; however, Early Mortality Syndrome has hurt stocks in Thailand and other locations. Belize is one such country. Aquaculture has traditionally been an important generator of revenue and foreign exchange, but a recent outbreak of EMS has decimated production and threatened the survival of multiple smaller and medium-sized businesses. This report uses the GVC framework to analyze Belize’s position in the shrimp industry and identify strategies for improving the competitiveness of domestic businesses.


Individuals within governments, nonprofits and the academic community have an interest in enhancing their understanding of how oceans impact the global economy. Whether the interest is in monitoring the health of fisheries, patrolling the surface or creating precise maps of the seafloor, the need for information on the ocean is vast.


Nova Scotia’s Ocean Technologies – A Global Value Chain Analysis of Inshore

Client: The Nova Scotia Department of Economic and Rural Development and Tourism (NSERDT)

Challenge: NSERDT was looking to achieve three main objectives:
1. discover the market position and strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) for Nova Scotia’s companies;

2. identify market and technology trends; and

3. make recommendations for increasing the competitiveness of the sector in Nova Scotia.

Approach & Outcome: To achieve these goals, the Duke GVC Center conducted a research report that focused on Nova Scotia’s position in three value chains: inshore and extreme climate vessels, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and underwater sensors and instrumentation. The Duke GVC Center provided an additional section within the report that provided specific recommendations related to supporting Nova Scotia companies, moving into higher value-added activities and regional value chain development activities.

The NSPS Shipbuilding Value Chains

The report analyzes the anatomy of the ships procured under Canada’s National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy (NSPS), identifies opportunities for companies to participate in their construction and maintenance, and makes recommendations to government about supporting Nova Scotia companies, moving into higher value-added activities, and developing the regional value chain.

Brun gave two presentations on January 23 and 24, 2013 in Nova Scotia, Canada on the report – The NSPS Shipbuilding Value Chains (Lunenburg Press Presentation) and NSPS Shipbuilding Value Chains (Ships Start Here Panel).

Geosynthetics: Coastal Management Applications in the Gulf of Mexico

Coastal management projects to restore the Gulf Coast nearly all use geosynthetics-polymer-based materials that can improve structure performance, reduce project time and cost, and lessen environmental impact. This study for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) analyzes 84 firms linked to geosynthetics and coastal management, providing jobs in the five Gulf Coast states and 31 others.

View EDF’s press release from July 26, 2012 regarding the report.

Restoring Gulf Oyster Reefs: Opportunities for Innovation

Several natural and man-made stressors are destroying Gulf Coast oyster reefs, jeopardizing a resource that protects the shore, filters water, and increases marine fisheries production. Restoring oyster reefs will maintain these valuable ecosystem services, and support a network of 132 innovative small and medium sized businesses across 22 states. View EDF page on Restoring the Mississippi River Delta.

Assessing Ocean Technology Value Chains: A Guide for the Canadian Trade Commissioner Service

This guide was prepared for Canada’s Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT).

Nova Scotia’s Ocean Technologies: a Global Value Chain Analysis

This report, Nova Scotia’s Ocean Technologies: A Global Value Chain Analysis of Inshore & Extreme Climate Vehicles, Unmanned Underwater Vehicles, and Underwater Sensors & Instrumentation, investigates Nova Scotia’s position in three value chains: inshore and extreme climate vessels, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and underwater sensors and instrumentation. Inshore vessels are ships that remain close to shore, while extreme climate vessels are ships designed for operation in polar regions. ROVs are tethered underwater vehicles used for ocean exploration and marine construction. AUVs are untethered, torpedo-shaped underwater vehicles programmed to collect oceanographic data for extended periods without immediate human supervision. As part of unmanned underwater and manned surface marine platforms, underwater sensors and instrumentation collect information about underwater objects and ocean properties. The three value chains have in common their application in three major end-markets: oil and gas exploration, scientific research, and military and port security.

Gereffi presented the applications of GVC analysis to the ocean technology sector to senior government officials and company representatives at a seminar organized by the Department for Economic and Rural Development and Tourism (ERDT) on June 8, 2011. Presentation title: Global Value Chain Analysis: A Competitiveness Framework for Ocean Technologies Companies in Nova Scotia.

January 24, 2012: Gereffi and Brun presented the implications of the Nova Scotia Ocean Technology report to the work of trade commissioners.

Charting a Course for 30 Years of Work on January 24, 2013 – Nova Scotians are getting ready to make the most of the federal shipbuilding contracts that will bring 30 years of opportunities and good jobs. Premier Darrell Dexter released an analysis of the range of activities needed to create, produce, deliver and maintain the arctic offshore patrol ships, polar icebreaker, and research vessels.

Restoring the Gulf Coast: New Markets for Established Firms

Natural and human activities have damaged the Gulf Coast, threatening a valuable ecosystem vital to several billion-dollar industries such as seafood and tourism. Restoring the Gulf Coast can protect these assets while creating much-needed U.S. jobs, by engaging at least 140 firms across nearly 400 locations.

A Value Chain Analysis of the Sinaloa, Mexico Shrimp Fishery

This report illustrates the value chain of wild-caught shrimp landed in Sinaloa, Mexico and the environmental implications of fishing practices in the region. It highlights opportunities to link U.S. market interest for this product with development of environmentally sustainable fishing practices in the Gulf of California.